year of establishment: 0
year of termination: 0
city: Albuquerque (New Mexico)
address: 1909 Las Lomas Road NE
ZIP: NM 87131
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE GALLERY
Raymond Jonson, born 1891 in Chariton, Iowa to Reverend Gustav and Josephine Abrahamson Johnson, grew up in Portland, Oregon. A young man of great passion, Jonson had clearly inherited his father's predilection for complete devotion to one's convictions, and for Jonson, it was to be art. By the time he was twenty, he was studying at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts and later enrolled at the Chicago Art Institute, establishing himself there as a skillful draughtsman. While in Chicago he was able to view abstract works by Arthur Dove and to fully experience the famous European avant-garde Armory Show of 1913. Jonson was greatly impressed by the images and ideas which were represented in these exhibitions, and from these visual experiences, he came to realize that there were no rules in art - each artist was free to express an individual inner perspective of creativity.
Jonson served from 1912 to 1917 as lighting, stage set, costume and graphics designer for the Chicago Little Theater. He was known then as C. Raymond Johnson, but he soon chose to return to the original Swedish spelling of his surname by which he is now known. Working with directors Maurice Browne and Ellen van Volkenburg provided the young Jonson with provocative further theoretical development and opportunity to explore a minimal aesthetic for all aspects of the theater. By reducing the elements of design, he could produce a monumental effect which could then represent a universal and profound aspect of life. He also invented the nine-switch dimmer board which allowed lighting to become a dramatic element of the theater and thrilled audiences nationally. Because of these innovations, Jonson became an international theater figure and was well on his way to significant fame.
Yet Jonson's greatest desire was to devote his life to art through painting. Therefore, he left what he perceived as the corruption and instability of the city and moved to the Santa Fe desert in 1924. He built a home and studio across the street from his former mentor and friend, BJO Nordfeldt, and began to paint full time. With his indefatigable energy, he also organized, despite great prejudice against abstraction, the Modern Wing at the Museum of New Mexico, taught art classes at his Atalaya Art School, and sold art supplies out of his garage. In 1934, with the support of the WPA/PWAP, he painted six large murals for University of New Mexico and he began to commute to Albuquerque to teach at the University of New Mexico. And, in 1938, he founded the Transcendental Painting Group - a phenomenon which has gained national and international attention.
The Jonson Gallery was established in 1950 on the UNM campus by this pioneering modernist painter. Jonson moved to Albuquerque to live and paint in this gallery/residence built for him by John Gaw Meem, the architect who popularized the Pueblo Revival style. The gallery served as an example of the complete life of an artist, with an upstairs living quarters and downstairs gallery, studio, office, storage rooms and conference space. Upon its opening it was heralded as "a monument to modern art." The gallery's light gray walls, linoleum floors and fluorescent lighting set the stage for New Mexico's premiere modern exhibition space in the 1950's.
Retiring as Professor Emeritus in 1954, he actively kept his connection with UNM administration, faculty and students through the gallery functions and a living will with the University by which he bequeathed his collections and the Jonson Gallery to UNM. Upon his death in 1982 the gallery became part of the University Art Museum. Within his lifetime, Jonson had created roughly 2000 works and approximately 600 of these works are currently housed in the Permanent Retrospective Collection of Jonson Gallery, along with another 1200 permanent collection works by his students and contemporaries, such as Richard Diebenkorn, Elaine de Kooning and Joseph Albers. Before his death, Jonson ensured that the gallery and the collections would continue to function in a similar manner of his original vision and would become the property of the citizens of New Mexico. Jonson generously welcomed all visitors to the gallery, often personally touring them through the current exhibition or the storage rooms. The Annual Summer Jonson Exhibition and other exhibition of students, faculty and under-recognized New Mexican artists, continued until his death. The gallery was then remodeled and reopened in 1984 to a continuing succession of exhibitions in support of Jonson's original goals.
Today, scholars from all over the world come to Jonson Gallery in order to research the extensive archive which Jonson left. Within the archive, documents and catalogues are available on many significant Modernist artists who were Jonson's friends and acquaintances. The archive is also a major repository for information on The Transcendental Painting Group (1938-1941). Jonson staff members continue to update the archive with current articles, catalogues, and artists' files related to the collections. The current focus of the Gallery's exhibitions signals a return to Jonson's intention to support emerging and under-recognized artists, to demonstrate the quality teaching found within the Department of Art and Art History, and to provide a museum context for viewing Jonson's works. Major Jonson works will now be exhibited throughout the year at Jonson Gallery, a small Modernist Museum.
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